Specialist inserts a thin tube containing a light and camera into the lungs through the nose or mouth. The specialist can utilize the discoveries to analyze contaminations, tumours, or maladies in the lungs. It is a moderately snappy and easy methodology, it requires little arrangement, and individuals tend to recoup rapidly.
A doctor may recommend a bronchoscopy to:
- Determine why someone is coughing up blood
- Find the cause of a chronic cough
- Discover the reason for shortness of breath
- Look for blockages in the airways
- Assess damage after someone has inhaled chemicals or toxic gases
- Follow up on a scan that has indicated a lung infection or tumour, or a collapsed lung
- Check for lung rejection, following a transplant
- Take a biopsy
Doctors also use bronchoscopies to treat specific conditions
- Treating cancer
- Draining an abscess
- Widening a blocked or narrowed airway
The procedure of Bronchoscopy
Before Bronchoscopy the doctor will spray a local anaesthetic into the nose and throat to numb the area. As the anaesthetic start, working doctor will start the process by inserting a flexible bronchoscope tube through the nose and throat and into the bronchi. Light on the top of the bronchoscope will help the doctor to see inside the body. The doctor will later examine them under a microscope. The doctor may sometimes spray a saline solution through the airways, in a process called bronchial washing, or lavage, to collect cells and fluids.
Risks of a bronchoscopy
This is some risk that may occur during or after the bronchoscopy
- Trouble breathing
- A low blood oxygen level during the test
- Bleeding, especially if a biopsy is done
Contact the doctor if you have a fever or have trouble breathing.